WHAT TO DO
- Stop the burning process by removing clothing and irrigating the burns.
- Extinguish flames by allowing the patient to roll on the ground, or by applying a blanket, or by using water or other fire-extinguishing liquids.
- Use cool running water to reduce the temperature of the burn.
- In chemical burns, remove or dilute the chemical agent by irrigating with large volumes of water.
- Wrap the patient in a clean cloth or sheet and transport to the nearest appropriate facility for medical care.
WHAT NOT TO DO
- Do not start first aid before ensuring your own safety (switch off electrical current, wear gloves for chemicals etc.)
- Do not apply paste, oil, haldi (turmeric) or raw cotton to the burn.
- Do not apply ice because it deepens the injury.
- Avoid prolonged cooling with water because it will lead to hypothermia.
- Do not open blisters until topical antimicrobials can be applied, such as by a health-care provider.
- Do not apply any material directly to the wound as it might become infected.
- Avoid application of topical medication until the patient has been placed under appropriate medical care.